Comparison of Two Methods for Deriving the Magnetic Field in a Filament Channel

Recently M. Luna, member of the IAC3, has published an article in The Astrophysical Journal entitled: “Comparison of Two Methods for Deriving the Magnetic Field in a Filament Channel”. Luna is the second author of this article which has been written in collaboration with relevant US institutions, mainly NASA.

Title: Comparison of Two Methods for Deriving the Magnetic Field in a Filament Channel
Authors: T. A. Kucera, M. Luna, T. Török, K. Muglach, J. T. Karpen, C. Downs, X. Sun, B. J. Thompson, and H. R. Gilbert
Date: 21/11/2022
DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac9377

Understanding the magnetic structure of filament channels is difficult but essential for identifying the mechanism (s) responsible for solar eruptions. In this paper we characterize the magnetic field in a well-observed filament channel with two independent methods, prominence seismology and magnetohydrodynamics flux-rope modeling, and compare the results. In 2014 May and June, active region 12076 exhibited a complex of filaments undergoing repeated oscillations over the course of 12 days. We measure the oscillation periods in the region with both Global Oscillation Network Group Hα and Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Advanced Imaging Assembly EUV images, and then utilize the pendulum model of large-amplitude longitudinal oscillations to calculate the radius of curvature of the fields supporting the oscillating plasma from the derived periods. We also employ the regularized Biot–Savart laws formalism to construct a flux-rope model of the field of the central filament in the region based on an SDO Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager magnetogram. We compare the estimated radius of curvature, location, and angle of the magnetic field in the plane of the sky derived from the observed oscillations with the corresponding magnetic-field properties extracted from the flux-rope model. We find that the two models are broadly consistent, but detailed comparisons of the model and specific oscillations often differ. Model observation comparisons such as these are important for advancing our understanding of the structure of filament channels.